Every Chinese garden has some type of rock element. Some designers opt for a simple rock garden, while others construct miniature mountains from an assorted collection of rocks.
This is a view of the layered rocks by the side of a lake in the garden of Xian Shan in Beijing, China. This conveys a sense of tranquility.
Rocks are chosen based on their shape, texture, substance, color and softness.
Limestone rocks that have taken strange shapes due to erosion are among the most valued rocks for Chinese gardeners. Some rocks are deliberately immersed in fast running streams so that they are scoured for the effects.
Here is a view of a Chinese garden in Wuhan. Within the lake, there are strange shaped rocks artistically arranged.
Shown in more details are some rocks, on a larger scale, near a stone bridge in the same garden.
Similarly, on the next image, are highly eroded rocks which one can see in a garden in West Lake, China.
Back in Hong Kong, in the Nam Lian garden, there are also a good display of rocks in the garden. Again, the main elements of the garden being rocks, trees and lakes or water features. Some of course have pavilions or bridges too.
Some by the side of an artificial lake.
Some, again, in a layered manner.