Dubrovnik is one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Supported by maritime trade, since the middle ages, it has been the only eastern Adriatic city-state to rival Venice. With no high vantage point nearby, it is quite difficult to have a close up overview of the complete old port which is surrounded by forts and buildings on all three sides and an island breakwater, the Kase, on the seaward side. As on any other day, when we were there, there was a constant flow of sightseers disembarking from Mediterranean cruise ships and public ferries leaving from the short journey across to the picturesque island of Lokrum.
The old port, steeped in history, was where a lot of commercial and maritime activity were carried out until the 1500s. It was constructed in the 14th century with the tall St John fort defending the port entrance. To protect the city there has been a lot of modifications to the port over the centuries.
There are two breakwaters protecting the harbor from waves. An outer one known as Porporela and inner one across the entrance known as Kase ( both on the far left). Two finger piers protruding from the town area (far right); one directly in the alignment of the Placa Stradun. The old port encloses the body of water between the fort of St John, the Kase, the Revelin and the fort of St Luke. It was filled with small fishing vessels and yachts bobbing in the calm waters. Both the day view and night view are equally enchanting.
The fort of St John, constructed in the 14th century, has high walls which are several stories tall guarding the entrance to the harbor. Its steep limestone walls contrast sharply with the azure Adriatic Sea. At the time of Venetian expansion, St. John’s fortress was linked to the old Revelin Fortress by a chain which could be raised to prevent vessel entry in case of a threat. The fort is now home to an impressive Maritime Museum, the city aquarium and an open air theatre.
Revelin Fortress is shown in mid picture (above) jutting out like the prow of a battleship. It was built in the 16th century as the danger of attacks from the Ottoman Turk grew.
The view of the port on the town side near to the root of the piers is also breathtaking; again photos were taken during the day time and night for interest of comparison.
From the far end, we can see the promontory which used to serve as a breakwater, as well as the imposing structure of the town’s fortifications.
We took a stroll along its picturesque promontory as the sun set and finished the stroll on one of the benches by the Red Feral ( warning navigation light).
The Porporela breakwater is known as a favourite meeting place of young people who want to hide from the inquisitive eyes . The view was just romantic and reminded us of the popular local song: I’ll wait for you at the breakwater little darling, at the breakwater by the Red Feral…………..